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Selecting the right farm trailer for your Washington farm can be a daunting task. Farmers have specific needs for their trailers, careful consideration of your needs will help guide you to the right trailer for your farm.
Considering your payload and the conditions you’ll be hauling in are important factors when purchasing a farm trailer in Washington.
Some questions to ask yourself are:
What, if any, kinds of animals will you be hauling?
How often will you be hauling?
How much weight will you need to haul at one time?
How far will you be going?
What other objects might you be hauling?
Do you need storage space—and if so, how much?
Will you drive on highways or off-road?
Will you drive in the mountains? Snow?
What about trailer maintenance? Do you have time and skill to do it yourself, or will you have it done by someone else?
What about all those ratings??
Taking a dive into the trailer manufacturing world is like getting a lesson in a new language. GVWR, payload, GTWR, GAWR, fully loaded, the list of new terms goes on and on.
Knowing what these terms mean can land you steps ahead in the selection process. Here is a review of some common terms:
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR): The maximum amount the truck/tow vehicle may weigh when fully loaded, including passengers, fuel, and payload.
Gross Trailer Weight Rating (GTWR): The weight of the fully loaded trailer, carrying livestock, tack, and other equipment.
Gross Vehicle Combination Weight Rating (GVCWR): The total weight of your fully loaded truck and trailer combined.
Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR): The rating that the individual axles can handle. Determined by the axle, the type of tires, the rims, and the other components within the axle-and-brake system.
Paying careful attention to the GAWR is imperative. This rating is often exceeded and can cause problems while in transit. One way to avoid exceeding the GAWR is to balance your payload front to back and side to side.
What about the hitch?
There are two basic types of hitches for farmers.
The tag-along (or bumper pull), which connects to a hitch receiver that is mounted to the truck’s bumper or chassis.
The fifth-wheel hitch (gooseneck) that connects to a receiver mounted in the bed of the truck.
The hitches used for tag-along trailers are further broken down into five classes, GTWR.
Class 1 – tag-along trailers up to 2,000 lbs.
Class 2 – tag-along trailers over 2,000 lbs. to 4,000 lbs.
Class 3 – tag-along trailers over 4,000 lbs. to 6,000 lbs.
Class 4 – tag-along trailers over 6,000 lbs. to 10,000 lbs.
Class 5 – All types of tag-along trailers up to 14,000 lbs.
Depending, of course, on what you’re planning to haul with your trailer, you’ll likely want to consider a class 4 or class 5 hitch to give you the most option when it comes to hauling with your new farm trailer in Washington.
Fifth-wheel hitches generally tend to offer more stability, a better ride, and a decreased turning radius.
When you’re ready to purchase the perfect trailer for your Washington farm, give us a call at Trailer Boss. We’ve got several locations across the state for your trailer buying convenience. We’re one of the top trailer dealers in the Pacific Northwest and we’re ready and willing to help you through the process.